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T.M.Maximova

N.A.Semashko Institute for Research on Social Hygiene, Public Health, Economics and Management of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Socio-economic conditions and health in Russia

Introduction: In recent years in Russia social stratification is taking place with an accelerated differentiation population in their financial positions. It is very important to establish peculiarities in health and health problems in different groups of population.

The survey was conducted in 1999 (sample of population - 4017 people in 4 regions of Russia), using the questionnaires.

The prevalence of main diseases were established in different population groups in connection with the social status of patients. The obtained outcomes show more higher prevalence the cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronical lung diseases in poor families. So the prevalence of hypertensive disease was 21,6% among people indicated the grossly deteriorated their financial positions, in the group with improved them -8,5% in the same age. The prevalence of diabetes in groups of population of middle level of material conditions-2,4%, in poor families -7,7%. Non of the diabetics indicated the material well-being of their family as rich. Almost 60% of the people with lower level material conditions indicate a disadvantage in their nutrition, almost 25% patients have no opportunity to buy necessary medicines.

Conclusions. People who indicated level the material conditions of their families as middle prosperity or poor more often suffer from several diseases and limited opportunities for their correction

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